The name "Turkmen" with respect to Iraq's minority Turkish population is ambiguous such that "'Turkoman' ... an English rendition of a persified expression; Turkman represents an arabified term and 'Turkmen' a genuine ethnonym" (RFE/RL 5 March 1999).
According to an opinion piece written by a retired Turkish Ambassador, the actual population of Turkmen in Iraq is unknown because the 1957 census was the last one where individuals could "register themselves as Turks" (Turkish Daily News 1 Oct. Currently, the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization reports that the Turkmen are not considered a distinct identity ... They do not figure in national census and linguistic rights are denied even in places where they form the majority of the population.
Instead, atop the terminal building, there is simply an embossed shiny head; the profile of a middle-aged man in gold.
Turkmenistan has done its best to keep out journalists for the past decade, and has long been an unattainable dream for Moscow correspondents like myself.
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Repression under Sadam Hussein's government is directed at all opposition, distinctive ethnic and religious minorities were specifically targeted, [leading to] the violations of the linguistic, cultural and property rights of the Turkoman ().
E, available at: 27 August 2017] This is not a UNHCR publication.He was Saparmurat Niyazov, the local Communist party boss who had taken over as president when the country gained independence from the Soviet Union in the early 1990s, and created a personality cult unrivalled anywhere else in the world, except perhaps for North Korea.He decided he wasn't going to be boring old Mr Niyazov, he would be Turkmenbashi – Leader of all the Turkmens. A scruffy, miserably inhospitable patch of desert with nothing much going for it, Turkmenistan is watched closely by the rest of the world due to the vast reserves of gas – the fourth largest in the world – that lie under its arid sands and off its Caspian coast.There are also groups in Azerbaijan called Trukhman. Türkmenistan lies east of the Caspian Sea, north of Iran and Afghanistan.It shares a short northwestern border with Kazakhstan and its eastern border with Uzbekistan.Its ruler re-named the days of the week after himself and his mother. To get a driving licence, citizens must sit an exam on the dead leader’s autobiography. Landing in Ashgabat, there's no sign telling you where you are.